Detailed Syllabus & the Latest Exam Pattern of UPSC NDA Exam 2023

The UPSC NDA syllabus was released by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for the written exam. Applicants must check the detailed NDA 2023 syllabus. General Ability Test (GAT) and Mathematics are the two subjects of the syllabus. The NDA syllabus for the GAT exam covers various subjects such as geography, science, English, history, general knowledge, and current events on a national and international scale.

On the other hand, the NDA math syllabus includes questions that are based on the Class 12 curriculum. The UPSC NDA Recruitment syllabus gives the GAT paper the most weight. Candidates can design a strategy to ace the NDA exam by being aware of the syllabus. We have offered the comprehensive NDA GAT and Math Syllabus to aid NDA preparation.

Before beginning their preparation, those who intend to take the NDA 1 2023 exam must review the complete NDA syllabus. Mathematics and the General Ability Test (GAT) are the two topics included in the NDA 2023 curriculum. Aspirants can analyze their stronger and weaker parts with the aid of the NDA syllabus 2023 to better prepare for the exam. Continue reading the complete article below to learn more about the NDA syllabus and exam pattern.


How to start your preparation for the 2023 NDA Syllabus?

Those who are prepared for the upcoming exam should review the guidelines and techniques to use to efficiently prepare the NDA syllabus 2023. The subject matter specialists advise the following tips to help candidates cover the full course strategically:

  • View the most recent NDA Exam Pattern and sectional weighting.
  • Possess a full understanding of the UPSC NDA pattern and syllabus based on the most recent notification.
  • Download the papers from the previous year to familiarise yourself with the key subjects and how the questions have changed over time.
  • Try as many NDA Mock Tests as you can to maintain your time management abilities up to date.
  • Create a successful revision strategy before the test.


NDA Syllabus 2023: What Is It?

Math and GAT subjects are included in the UPSC NDA syllabus. To understand the topics covered in the syllabus, candidates must review the complete syllabus for the UPSC NDA exam. The UPSC NDA exam covers the syllabus of classes 10th, 11th, and 12th. Applicants can start their studies with help of the latest UPSC NDA Syllabus. The format of the UPSC NDA question paper follows the syllabus. The following is included in the NDA syllabus:

  • Mathematics NDA Syllabus for UPSC
  • GAT UPSC NDA Syllabus

Review of the NDA Exam Syllabus 2023

You should familiarise yourself with the NDA syllabus 2023’s pattern, frequency, and other pertinent information before beginning. View the table below for a basic overview of the NDA exam syllabus.

Examination Name National Defence Academy, NDA
Organising Agency Union Public Service Commission, UPSC
Frequency of the Exam Twice a year
Selection Criteria Written Test consisting of MCQs

Personality & Intelligence Test (SSB)

Mode of examination Offline Only
No. of Papers in UPSC NDA Exam ·       General Ability Test (GAT)

·       Mathematics

Total Scores for the Exam Total: 900 Points

·       Mathematics: 300 Points

·       GAT: 600 Points

Total No. of Questions 120 Questions – Mathematics:

150 Questions- GAT

Negative Scoring -0.83 in Maths

-1.33 marks in GAT

Time Duration GAT: 2 Hours 30 Minutes

Mathematics: 2 Hours 30 Minutes

NDA Paper 1 Syllabus

The 120 questions in Paper 1 of the NDA written test are all from the 10+2 level of mathematics. Mathematics topics are covered in detail in the section below and are part of the NDA syllabus for Paper 1. Applicants will receive 2.5 marks for each correct response, and 0.83 marks will be reduced for each wrong response.

Maths Syllabus 2023 for UPSC NDA

The Mathematics syllabus of the NDA covers the syllabus of classes 11 and 12. By consulting the NCERT books for Classes 11th and 12th, applicants can get deep knowledge of math fundamentals. The candidate’s ability for numerical calculation is tested in this stage. We have provided the NDA Mathematics syllabus as per the topics below.



Complete the Math Syllabus for NDA Exam

Matrices and Determinants


Operations, Determinants’ properties, Matrix types, The determinant of a matrix, Application-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by the Cranmer’s Rule and by the Matrix method, etc.
Analytical geometry of 2 and 3 dimensions The formula of distance, The Cartesian Rectangular Coordinate System, the Standard and general equation of a circle, parabola, the Equation of a line in different shapes, A point’s distance from a line, ellipse, Two lines of angle,  and hyperbola, A conic’s eccentricity, and axis, Cosines of direction and ratios of direction, Sphere’s equation, Point the distance between two points in a three-dimensional space, Two points of the equation, A plane equation and a line in different forms, Cosines of direction and ratios of direction, Two lines of the angle between two planes, etc.
Differential Equations & Integral Calculus



standard integrals with algebraic expressions, Differentiation, and integration, exponential, trigonometric, and hyperbolic functions. 1st-degree differential equations of various types—examples, General and particular solutions of differential equations, Solutions of the first order, Definite integrals — determination of areas of curved plane regions — applications, and  Applications in problems of growth and decay.

Probability & Statistics



Distribution of frequencies, Statistics: data classification, Examples of graphic representation— histogram, pie chart, polygon frequency. The cumulative distribution of frequencies — examples, Central tendency measurements — mean, median, and mode. Correlation, and regression, Variance and deviation of standard — determination, and comparison, Sample space, exhaustive events & mutually exclusive, events, impossible, and certain events associated with random experiments, results and associated, Complementary, Union and events intersection, composite, and elementary events, Bayes Theorem, Probability, Binomial distribution, Random variable on a sample space as a function, examples of random experiments, the binomial distribution.




Laws of De Morgan sets operations, Set concept, Venn diagrams, Cartesian product, Relations, Real number representation on a line, Equivalence relation, Complex numbers – basic properties, cube roots, module, argument, Conversion to the binary system of a number in the decimal system and vice versa, Binary number system, Binomial theorem, and its applications, Logarithms, and their applications. Progressions in arithmetic, harmony, geometry, Permutation, and Combination, and Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs.




Multiple angles and sub-multiples, Trigonometric ratios, Sum of trigonometric identities and formulas, Angles and their degree and measurements, Applications-Height and Distance, Trigonometric functions & their inverse,  and Triangle Properties.

Differential calculus



Range, and graph, Concept of a valued function – a function’s domain,  Composite functions, one by one, on, and vice versa, default limits — examples, Limit notion, Function derivative at a point, Continuity of functions— examples, Continuous functional algebraic operations, geometric and physical interpretation of an application derivative, product, Summary derivatives, and function quotient derivatives, 20 composite function derivatives, function derivatives for another function, Derivatives of the second order. Application of derivatives in maxima and minima problems, Increasing and diminishing functions, etc.

Vector Algebra



vector magnitude, 2D and 3D vectors, direction, vector adding, Unit and null vectors, scalar-vector multiplication, vector product, or cross product, scalar product or dot product, Applications — work done by force and the moment of force and in geometric issues.

NDA Syllabus for Paper 2 - GAT

The General Ability Test (GAT) is the second test in the written exam and it covers the following subjects: General Knowledge (GK), General Science, English, Chemistry, Geography, Physics, and Current Events. The 150 questions in the NDA syllabus for Paper 2 are divided between General Knowledge (100 questions), AND English (50 questions) which covers various topics and current events. The following summarises the NDA syllabus for Paper 2:

GAT UPSC NDA Syllabus 2023 for Paper II

The written exam’s NDA GAT syllabus has the most weight. You should therefore be fully prepared to respond to as many questions as possible on the NDA General Ability Test Paper. Below, we have given a section-wise NDA syllabus for the GAT in Geography, History, English, History, Current Affairs, Chemistry, General Knowledge, Physics, and General Science.

Syllabus for UPSC NDA English 2023

Below is a list of the NDA English Syllabus, which applicants must review before applying for the exam. To gauge the candidates’ basic command of the English language and comprehension, 50 questions will be asked in this section. To perform well in this exam, the NDA English syllabus can be prepared in less time. Given that more questions may be answered in less time, this section was found to be simple to moderate in difficulty level.

  • Grammar & usage
  • Vocabulary
  • Spotting errors
  • Comprehension & cohesion
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Cloze Test
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Sentence Correction & Improvement
  • Completion of Sentence & Para
  • Para Jumbling
  • Idioms & Proverbs


Syllabus for NDA Chemistry 2023

The topics covered in the NDA Chemistry Syllabus are mentioned below at the 10+2 level. The GAT paper contains 15–16 questions on chemistry-related topics. Below are the main topics for the Chemistry section of the NDA syllabus.

  • Properties of Air & Water
  • The material used in Glass, Paper, Ink, soap, Paints, Cement, Gun Powder & Safety Matches
  • Oxidation & Reduction
  • Physical & Chemical Changes
  • Chemical Equations
  • Valency
  • Law of Chemical Combination
  • Preparation & Properties of Oxygen, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, & Carbon dioxide
  • Natural & Artificial Fertilizers
  • Structure of Atom & Molecular Weights

NDA Syllabus for Physics

Below is a list of the NDA Physics Syllabus, which includes all essential topics recommended by the UPSC. The GAT paper contains roughly 23–25 questions on physics. Below are the key topics for the NDA Physics syllabus.

  • Stability & Equilibrium of bodies
  • Parallelogram of Forces
  • Force & Momentum
  • Newton’s Law of Motion
  • Measurement of Temperature & Heat
  • Physical Properties
  • Measurement of Electrical Power
  • Primary & Secondary Cells
  • Applications of X- Rays
  • States of Matter
  • Motion of Objects
  • Rectilinear Propagation of Light
  • Ohm’s Law
  • Reflection & Refraction of Light
  • Power & Energy
  • Weight, Mass, Density, volume, & Specific Gravity
  • Electric & Static Electricity
  • Lighting, Heating, & Magnetic Effects of current
  • Conductors and Non-conductors

Syllabus for UPSC NDA History

  • Renaissance, exploration & Discovery
  • French Revolution
  • Industrial Revolution
  • National Integration and Welfare State
  • Socialism & Communism
  • Panchseel
  • Impact of Science & Technology on Society
  • Survey of Indian History
  • Elementary study of Indian Constitution & Administration
  • Democracy
  • Cooperatives & Community Development
  • Sarvodaya
  • Mahatma Gandhi & their Basic teachings
  • Role of India in the present World

Syllabus FOR NDA General Science 2023

Topics to gauge the candidate’s understanding of science and the environment are included in the NDA General Science syllabus. Review the NDA General Science syllabus topics listed below.

  • Basis of Life
  • Prevention of Epidemics
  • Common Epidemics and their causes
  • Source of Energy for Man
  • Constituents of Food
  • Difference between Living & Non-Living
  • Balanced Diet
  • Solar System
  • Achievements of Eminent Scientists
  • Meteors and Comets
  • Growth & Reproduction in Plants & animals
  • Eclipses

UPSC NDA Exam Syllabus for Geography 2023

  • Geography of India
  • Condensation & precipitation
  • Types of Climates
  • Movements of Earth & their effects
  • Earthquakes
  • Volcanoes
  • Temperature & Atmospheric pressure
  • Weathering
  • Cyclones & anti Cyclones

Syllabus for NDA UPSC Current Affairs 2023

  • Current Important World Events
  • Knowledge of Important Events

Exam Pattern for UPSC NDA Exam in 2023

The exam pattern of UPSC NDA is set forth by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for the written exam and SSB interview. Candidates can study for the forthcoming NDA 2023 exam and get a high rank by using the NDA exam pattern 2023. One of the first stages to passing the exam is understanding the NDA exam format. Candidates will be able to prepare well with the help of the exam pattern.

Exam Pattern for NDA Written Exam 2023

The GAT and Mathematics sections make up the two sections of the NDA written exam. The exam will only contain objective-type questions. The GAT will have 150 overall questions, with 120 of those coming from the Mathematics section. The duration of each exam section will be two and a half hours. The GAT component carries 600 points, but the mathematics section is worth just 300. There are two sections in the GAT. English is in Part A, and General Knowledge is in Part B. The NDA exam structure for the written test is provided here.

Papers Name of the Subject Maximum Scores Time
Paper I Mathematics 300 2 Hours 30 minutes
Paper II General Ability Test 600 2 Hours 30 minutes
Total 900 5 hours


Marking System of UPSC NDA Exam 2023

The UPSC designed the NDA’s scoring system. For wrong answers, one-third of the total marks for each question will be deducted, creating negative scores. No points are deducted for unattempted questions. Below is a list of the NDA’s marking criteria.

Papers Scores for the correct answer Scores for the wrong answer
General Ability Test 4 1.33
Mathematics 2.5 0.83

Exam Pattern for SSB Interview 2023 NDA

Two phases make up the SSB Interview. Aspirants who clear the Stage 1 exam are eligible to attempt the Stage 2 exam. OIR (Officer Intelligence Rating) exams, Description Tests, and Picture Perception come under the interview round of SSB. Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests, and the Conference make up Stage 2. The score for this stage is 900 points. Applicants can view the SSB Interview pattern here:

Stages Exam
Stage I  Screening ·        Non-verbal & Verbal tests.

·        PPDT

Stage II Psychological Testing ·        Self-Description Test (SD)

·        Word Association Test (WAT)

·        Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)

·        Situation Reaction Test (SRT)

Group Testing Officers Test ·        GPE

·        IOT

·        Snake race/Group Obstacle Race

·        Individual lecture

·        PGT

·        GD

·        Command Task

·        HGT

·        FGT

Interview Round
Conference Round

Best Books for UPSC NDA Exam 2023 Preparation

It is crucial to move toward the study resources after learning about the syllabus and exam format. There are a few books that can aid applicants in honing their preparations. Candidates must use the greatest preparation tools to become ready for the NDA exam. Some of the top NDA exam reference books include:

UPSC NDA Books to Consider Writers
Social Problems in Indian         Ram Ahuja
General Science Guide for Competitive Exams NDA/PSC/CSAT/CDS/SSC/UPSC/Railways/State Defence Disha Publications
NDA Entrance Exam Book  ES Ramasamy
12th Class Maths Book RS Aggarwal

How to start your preparation for the 2023 NDA Syllabus?

Those who are prepared for the upcoming exam should review the guidelines and techniques to use to efficiently prepare the NDA syllabus 2023. The subject matter specialists advise the following tips to help candidates cover the full course strategically:

  • View the most recent NDA Exam Pattern and sectional weighting.
  • Possess a full understanding of the UPSC NDA pattern and syllabus based on the most recent notification.
  • Download the papers from the previous year to familiarise yourself with the key subjects and how the questions have changed over time.
  • Try as many NDA Mock Tests as you can to maintain your time management abilities up to date.
  • Create a successful revision strategy before the test.

How many phases are there in the NDA SSB Interview process?

There are two steps to the SSB Interview for the NDA exam.

How long does the NDA exam last?

The time duration for the UPSC NDA exam is two and a half hours for each paper.

What are the NDA written exam qualifying scores for each section?

The NDA written exam qualifying marks for each section are at least 25%.

What format is the NDA exam held in?

The NDA exam is given offline in numerous cities across the nation.

What language will the NDA question paper support?

NDA test questions are written in both English & Hindi.

How the aspirants are evaluated in the UPSC NDA SSB Interview?

In the SSB Interview for the NDA exam, aspirants are evaluated on their intelligence and psychological aptitude.

What are the combined NDA GAT & Math scores?

The NDA GAT carries a maximum score of 600 points, while the mathematics portion carries a maximum score of 300 points.

How are the applicant’s NDA exam scores calculated?

The number of correct and incorrect answers is used to determine a candidate’s score in the NDA Exam.

There is no official notification for the UPSC NDA Exam for 2023 is released by the authority yet. We will provide the link as soon as it is released by the UPSC. We recommend you keep coming back to Formal Monkey to get the latest & relevant details about the UPSC NDA job release & other information like eligibility criteria, application method, selection process, fee, result, admit card & more.