Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana – A complete detail about the Scheme!

The (PMKSY) Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana, which was introduced on 1st July 2015, and whose slogan is “Har Khet Ko Paani,” aims to extend cultivated land with guaranteed irrigation, enhance water usage efficiency, and minimize water waste. In addition to concentrating on developing sources for guaranteed irrigation, PMKSY also creates protective irrigation by using “Jal Sinchan” or “Jal Sanchay” to collect rainwater at the micro level. Additionally, subsidies are used to encourage micro watering so that “per drop-more crop” is achieved.

The (NSC) is an Inter-Ministerial National Steering Committee that would be formed comprising Union Ministers from the relevant Ministries which is part of the chairmanship of the Prime Minister to oversee and monitor PMKSY. Under the leadership of the Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog, an (NEC) National Executive Committee would be established to manage the resource allocation, execution of the plan, performance & monitoring evaluation, inter-ministerial coordination, handling of administrative difficulties, etc.

The PMKSY Scheme’s principal goal is to provide all agricultural regions in the nation with access to a protected irrigation system of some kind so they may produce “per drop more crop,” in the required rural areas.

The PMKSY's Major Goals

  •   District and, if required, sub-district water consumption plans must be created in order to promote convergence of irrigation investment at the field level.
  • Expand cultivable land under guaranteed irrigation and improve physical access to water on the farm (Har Khet ko pani).
  • Using the right procedures & technology, water may be used effectively by integrating its delivery, source, and usage.
  • Enhance agricultural water usage efficiency to cut down on waste and extend the time that water is available.
  • Boost the implementation of water-saving technology, such as precision irrigation, to get more produce out of every drop of water.
  • Aquifer recharging should be improved, and sustainable water conservation methods should be used.
  •   Make careful to incorporate the development of rainfed regions utilising the watershed approach to water & soil conservation, runoff arresting, groundwater regeneration, giving livelihood opportunities, and other NRM activities.
  • Encourage farmers and other field workers at the grassroots level to participate in extension programs related to water management, crop alignment, and harvesting.
  • Consider if it is feasible to use treated municipal waste water for peri-urban agriculture.
  • Attract more private funding for irrigation.

Per Drop More Crop

The Per Drop More Crop program encourages efficient water transportation and precise water application devices in farms, such as sprinklers, drip irrigation, rain guns, and pivots. It also builds micro irrigation structures to supplement source-creation activities, such as digging wells and tube wells, and it installs electric, diesel, and solar pump sets. It also develops capacity through training and awareness campaigns, including low-cost publications, and it supports extension work.

Major Features of the Plan

The following are the main characteristics of the PMKSY Yojana:

  • This plan will make water accessible for irrigation in all the farms.
  • Under this program, the government would have water sources built, including water collection and groundwater development.
  • In addition, if the farmer purchases irrigation equipment, they will also receive subsidies.
  •   The PMKSY can help you save time and money.
  • Through this program, the government would also encourage sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation, etc.
  •   The yield will rise if the crops receive the proper sort of irrigation.
  • This program is available to all farmers who have their own land and water supply.
  • In addition, this program is available to farmers who are contract farmers or who belong to cooperatives.
  • Self-help organisations might profit from the PMKSY Policy as well.
  • Visit the authorised website to apply to take advantage of this program.
  • Under this program, the government will receive a subsidy of between 80% and 90% for purchasing irrigation equipment.
  • The centre will provide 75% of funding for the program, while the state government will cover 25% of the costs.

Application Process of the PMKSY

Everything pertaining to planning and plan execution in PMKSY is regionalized. The areas in need of enhanced irrigation infrastructure will be identified through the District Irrigation Plans (DIPs). DIPs mostly function at the district and block levels. The State Irrigation Plan, which unifies all DIPs, is in charge of managing the agricultural programs of the (RKVY) Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana. The state sanctioning committee, which operates under the RKVY, approves all PMKSY projects once they have passed the screening process at the state level.

The state agricultural department would serve as the nodal agency for the National Steering Committee (NSC) & PMKSY projects and would conduct a recurring assessment of all approved projects. Another interesting aspect of the project’s operation is that the centre will only distribute cash if the state has created district irrigation plans and state irrigation plans. Except for the northeastern states, where the state government contributes 10%, the state government’s portion under PMKSY is 25%, and the balance is covered by the federal government.

Eligibility Criteria for the Scheme

For this program’s eligibility, the following standards have been established:

  •   Farmers need access to agricultural land to benefit from this program.
  •   Farmers from all socioeconomic groups in the nation would qualify as program beneficiaries.
  •   Benefits from the PM KCY will also be given to self-help organisations, cooperative societies, trusts, corporations, members of producer farmers’ organisations, and staff at other qualified institutions.
  • Institutions and beneficiaries who cultivate the land under lease for a minimum of seven years would be eligible for the PMKSY Policy 2023 benefits. Contract farming is another way to get this eligibility.

Way to implement the PMKSY Plan

  •   A State Irrigation Plan (SIP) & District Irrigation Plan (DIP) can be created by States under PMKSY’s “decentralised State level planning and execution” framework.
  • The district’s growth will be seen holistically by DIP, which will outline medium- to long-term plans that integrate three elements: water sources, a distribution network, and district water usage applications that will be created at two different levels—the district & block.
  • All structures constructed by the plans will be geotagged.
  •   The (RKVY) Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana’s agricultural programs are governed by the State Irrigation Plan, which combines all DIPs.

Great Developments Under the PMKSY Plan

In October 2020, a smartphone application that covered the PMKSY Scheme in great detail was issued by the Union Minister of State for Waterpower and Social Justice and Empowerment.

In order to support the buyer-seller network and enable the prompt sale of agricultural goods, the Assam state government launched the Kisan Rath (vegetables & fruits) mobile application in October 2020.

PMKSY's restrictions

  •   In a 2018 report, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Rural Development noted that just 10% of the projects started as part of the PMKSY watershed development component had been finished.
  • The procedure is hampered by bureaucratic impediments.
  • Another major problem is corruption.
  • A pause in the project’s progress.
  • No mention is made of accountability when it comes to missing goals.
  •   Small landowners are unable to implement expensive sprinklers and drip irrigation since doing so would need a significant expenditure.
  •   The PMKSY makes no mention of the degree of government support for farmer investments in micro-irrigation or of incentives for farmers who use such micro-irrigation.
  • Not enough expertise is available. There are so many generalists in PMKSY, especially bureaucrats.
  • being unable to purchase land before funding. This has a detrimental effect on the project and prevents it from achieving its goals.
  • Prioritisation is being influenced by significant obligations under AIPW and IWMP.
  • Free electricity and water are major obstacles to the use of precision irrigation.
  • The departments don’t work together or coordinate well.

Who are the PMKSY Scheme's Beneficiaries?

It is well recognised that farmers are the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana’s actual beneficiaries. For field workers in agriculture, there is a program called PMKSY. The program enables farmers and other specialists in the field of agriculture to manage the water requirements for farmland responsibly.

How can I sign into the PMKSY Portal?

Follow the instructions listed below to log into the PMKSY portal:

  • Step 1 is to go to the PMKSY authorised website.
  • The second step is to select the “Login” link on the main page.
  •   Step 3: Type the login information (user id, passcode, and captcha code) you use to access your account in the following box.
  • Step 4: Click “Login” to access your account after entering all the necessary information.

Watershed Development Component of the PMKSY, a government program

Development of the Watershed It emphasises the development of rainfed regions with an eye towards soil and water conservation, stopping runoff, groundwater regeneration, and boosting extension activities associated with water management & collection.

Goals for 2021–2026 include completing projects approved to irrigate an additional 2.5 lakh hectares of rainfed or degraded land, totalling 49.5 lakh hectares.

The program contains a special clause that addresses the creation of spring sheds.

Final Words

Recent Economic Survey 2019-20 reports that micro-irrigation is a tried-and-true technology that is becoming more and more popular among Indian farmers. The government will reach its goal of covering 10 million hectares under the PMKSY Policy in the next five years thanks to a greater push and enough funding allocation. To encourage further investments from potential rivals, the government has also established an online platform for the execution and visibility of the entire process.

The Indian government is devoted to giving water management and conservation high priority. At the field level, PMKSY seeks to achieve convergence of irrigation investment. The overall goal of the PMKSY is to make protective irrigation available to all agricultural fields throughout the nation to increase crop production “per drop” and foster much-needed rural prosperity.

Required Documents for the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana

For the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana, the following set of papers is necessary:

  •   voting ID card
  • Passbook
  •   Jamabandi
  •   Aadhaar Card
  • passport-size photo

What Advantages Does the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana Offer?

The PM KSY Policy is implemented by many departments. These include the Department of Land Resources, the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, the Department of River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, and the Ministry of Water Resources.

The PM KSY has the following advantages.

  •   The PM KSY Policy aids farmers in water conservation and efficient use.
  • Farmers can save work expenses and improve soil productivity thanks to this program.
  • Farmers may improve their crops’ quality.
  •   With the help of this plan, farmers may increase their revenues and learn how to utilise fertiliser effectively.

FAQs for PMKSY Scheme

How can I take advantage of the PMKSY program?

To get the benefit, farmers can apply for the PMKSY program. Farmers can use irrigation water effectively under the plan since it aims to create convergence in agricultural irrigation and aid in extending the cultivable areas.

When did the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana officially launch?

For the goal of micro irrigation in the agricultural sector, the PMKSY was introduced in January 2006 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS).

What are the major characteristics of the PMKSY Scheme?

Water Resources, Per Drop, and More Crops, and Watershed are the three pillars of the (PMKSY) Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana.

What part will members of the Parliament (MP) & Legislative Assembly (MLA) have in the implementation & development of the PMKSY?

District Irrigation Plans (DIPs) should take into account and incorporate any comments made by the Members of Legislative/ Parliament Assembly. The important recommendations of the member of parliament for that particular constituency will be given top consideration.

What procedure does the beneficiary follow to get the subsidy?

The MIS system offline or online modes are both available for farmers to apply for the program. Through the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) system, the beneficiary receives the subsidy online. The total amount of the subsidy that the recipient would get will not exceed 5 hectares per beneficiary.

How may I get profit from the scheme?

Farmers can reach out to the local district agriculture officer or district horticulture office. The farmers can get in touch with the closest district agriculture officer or district horticulture office.

How long will the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana last?

The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana will run for 5 years, from 2015–2016 to 2019–2020.

Who was the PMKSY Scheme’s original creator?

To scale up the National Mission of Micro Irrigation (NMMI), the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation launched the PMKSY as a CSS.