List of Government Agriculture Schemes in India
Agriculture is a crucial component of the Indian economy, providing employment to a considerable number of people and making a significant contribution to the nation’s GDP. To boost agricultural growth, improve farmer welfare, and ensure food security, the Government of India has implemented a range of agriculture schemes and programs. These schemes aim to provide financial support, technology adoption, infrastructure development, and various other incentives to farmers. In this article, we will explore a comprehensive list of government agriculture schemes in India, highlighting their objectives and impact on the agricultural sector.
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-Kisan)
- Objective: PM-Kisan is a flagship income support scheme aimed at providing direct financial assistance to small and marginal farmers. Under this program, qualifying farmers are given Rs. 6,000 annually in three equal payments.
- Impact: PM-Kisan provides much-needed financial relief to farmers, helping them meet their agricultural expenses and improve their livelihoods.
National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
- Objective: The NFSM’s objective is to improve food security by raising the output of rice, wheat, pulses, and oilseeds.
- Impact: The mission has led to a significant increase in the production of these essential crops, contributing to national food security.
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
- Objective: The PMFBY provides crop insurance to farmers, protecting them from potential crop losses caused by natural disasters.
- Impact: The scheme provides farmers with financial security and encourages risk mitigation in agriculture.
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maandhan Yojana
- Objective: The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maandhan Yojana for farmers aims to provide financial security to small and marginal farmers in their old age.
- Impact: It ensures that farmers have a reliable source of income after retirement, improving their overall well-being.
Gramin Bhandaran Yojna
- Objective: Gramin Bhandaran Yojna promotes the construction of rural storage facilities for agricultural produce to prevent post-harvest losses.
- Impact: This program aims to decrease waste and secure higher prices for agricultural products for farmers.
Soil Health Card
- Objective: Farmers receive soil health cards that provide information about the condition of their soil and recommend appropriate nutrient management practices.
- Impact: This scheme empowers farmers with knowledge to improve soil health and optimize crop yields.
Pashu Kisan Credit Card Scheme
- Objective: This credit scheme provides financial support for livestock-related expenses to farmers.
- Impact: It promotes livestock development, which is a vital component of Indian agriculture.
National Horticulture Mission (NHM)
- Objective: NHM focuses on the development of horticulture, including fruits, vegetables, and flowers, to increase the income of farmers.
- Impact: The mission diversifies agricultural production, enhances farmer income, and supports nutritional security.
E-NAM (Electronic National Agriculture Market)
- Objective: E-NAM is an online platform that connects agricultural produce markets across the country, making it easier for farmers to sell their products.
- Impact: It enhances market access for farmers, ensures better price realization, and reduces middlemen interference.
National Mission For Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
- Objective: The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) organization is dedicated to advocating for sustainable farming methods, effective soil health management, and efficient water usage.
- Impact: The mission encourages eco-friendly farming practices, conserves natural resources, and enhances productivity.
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)
- Objective: PMKSY aims to enhance water use efficiency in agriculture by promoting efficient irrigation practices.
- Impact: It helps conserve water resources and improve crop yield through better irrigation management
Agriculture Infrastructure Fund
- Objective: The Agriculture Infrastructure Fund offers financial assistance for the enhancement of agricultural infrastructure.
- Impact: It encourages the modernization of agriculture, leading to increased efficiency and productivity.
Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund
- Objective: This AHID fund aims to enhance animal husbandry infrastructure, improving livestock rearing and productivity.
- Impact: It supports the growth of the livestock sector, a critical component of Indian agriculture.
Credit Facility for Farmers
- Objective: Various credit Facilities for Farmers are available to provide financial support to farmers for various agricultural activities.
- Impact: Credit access is crucial for farmers to make investments in their farms, buy necessary materials, and efficiently run agricultural activities.
National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)
- Objective: NMOOP focuses on increasing the production of oilseeds and oil palm to reduce India’s dependence on edible oil imports.
- Impact: The mission addresses India’s edible oil requirements and supports domestic oilseed production.
National Mission on Medicinal Plants (NMMP)
- Objective: The primary goal of NMMP is to enhance the production of oilseeds and oil palm in order to decrease India’s reliance on imported edible oils.
- Impact: It opens up new avenues for farmers and contributes to the growing herbal medicine industry.
PM-KUSUM Scheme (Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan)
- Objective: The PM-KUSUM scheme promotes the adoption of solar pumps and other renewable energy solutions for farmers.
- Impact: It reduces the carbon footprint of agriculture and lowers energy costs for farmers.
Neem Coated Urea
- Objective: An initiative to improve the efficiency of urea usage in agriculture by coating urea with neem.
- Impact: It enhances nutrient utilization, reduces fertilizer expenses, and mitigates soil degradation.
The National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
- Objective: NMSA promotes sustainable agriculture practices, climate-resilient agriculture, and soil health management.
- Impact: It helps farmers adapt to changing climatic conditions and conserve natural resources.
The Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA)
- Objective: PM-AASHA aims to ensure remunerative prices for farmers and minimize their price risks.
- Impact: The program offers a safety net for farmers, incentivizing them to maintain their agricultural practices.
The Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP)
- Objective: KVP is a savings scheme designed to encourage long-term financial planning among farmers.
- Impact: It helps farmers save and invest for their future, providing financial security.
The Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)
- Objective: MIDH promotes the holistic development of horticulture, covering fruits, vegetables, spices, and more.
- Impact: It diversifies agricultural production, enhances income, and supports nutritional security.
The Green Revolution - Krishonnati Yojana
- Objective: Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana promotes agricultural productivity, resource conservation, and market development.
- Impact: It leads to sustainable agricultural growth, benefiting farmers and ensuring food security.
The Blue Revolution
- Objective: The Blue Revolution focuses on the development of the fisheries sector in India.
- Impact: It boosts fish production, fishery-related employment, and income for fisherfolk.
By providing financial support, knowledge, and infrastructure, these schemes empower farmers to make their livelihoods more secure and their agricultural practices more sustainable. It is crucial for the government to ensure effective implementation, monitoring, and periodic evaluation of these schemes to maximize their impact.
With continued support and innovation in the agricultural sector, India can further strengthen its position as an agricultural powerhouse, ensuring food security for its growing population and improving the livelihoods of millions of farmers.