Government Jobs for Teachers in India

Government jobs for teachers in India are highly coveted due to their stability, job security, and the opportunity to contribute to the nation’s education system. Teaching is a noble profession that shapes the future of our country by imparting knowledge and values to the next generation. In this article, we will explore the various government job opportunities available to teachers in India, the eligibility criteria, and the roles and responsibilities associated with these positions.

Opportunities in Government Schools

Primary School Teacher (PRT)

Responsibilities: Primary school teachers educate students from classes 1 to 5, focusing on foundational skills and fostering a love for learning.
Qualifications: A Bachelor’s degree in education (B.Ed.) or an equivalent qualification.


Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT)

Responsibilities: TGTs teach classes 6 to 8 and may teach up to 10th grade with promotions. They specialize in specific subjects and streams.
Qualifications: A Bachelor’s degree in education (B.Ed.) or an equivalent qualification.


Post Graduate Teacher (PGT)

Responsibilities: Post-graduate teachers (PGTs) possess the qualifications to instruct students up to 12th grade and typically have expertise in particular subjects, imparting extensive understanding to their students.

Qualifications: A Bachelor’s degree in education (B.Ed.) or an equivalent qualification.

Eligibility Criteria for Government Teaching Jobs

Educational Qualifications

Bachelor’s Degree in Education (B.Ed.): A Bachelor’s degree in education, commonly known as B.Ed., is a fundamental qualification for most government teaching positions.
B.Ed. programs are designed to provide prospective teachers with the necessary pedagogical skills, teaching methodologies, and classroom management techniques. This program equips candidates with the essential knowledge and skills required for effectively educating students.

Master’s Degree: In some cases, especially for higher-level teaching positions such as Post Graduate Teachers (PGT), having a Master’s degree in the relevant subject is a requirement. For example, if you aspire to teach English at the higher secondary level, you would need a Master’s degree in English.

Specialization: Depending on the subject or stream you wish to teach, additional qualifications or specializations may be necessary. For instance, if you want to become a government teacher of computer science, having a relevant specialization or certification in computer science can be advantageous.


Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) or Central Teacher Eligibility Test

(CTET): Along with meeting the necessary educational requirements, candidates must also successfully pass either the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) or the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET), as previously stated. These tests assess candidates’ teaching aptitude, subject knowledge, and pedagogical skills.

State-Specific Requirements: Each state government in India may have its own set of requirements and qualifications for government teaching positions. It is crucial for candidates to carefully review the specific requirements of the state in which they intend to apply.

Experience: While not a qualification per se, having prior teaching experience, especially at the school level, can enhance a candidate’s eligibility and competitiveness for government teaching positions.


Primary School Teacher (PRT)

  • PRTs teach classes 1 to 5, laying the foundation for students’ education.
  • They focus on developing reading, writing, and mathematical skills.
  • PRTs create a nurturing environment for young learners.


Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT)

  • TGTs teach classes 6 to 8 and may teach up to 10th grade with promotions.
  • They have expertise in particular areas of study, such as mathematics, science, social studies, or languages.
  • TGTs provide students with a strong subject-specific foundation.


Post Graduate Teacher (PGT)

  • Post-graduate teachers (PGTs) possess the qualifications to instruct students up to 12th grade and
  • They specialize in specific subjects, offering advanced knowledge in their areas of expertise.
  • PGTs prepare students for higher education and career paths.


Recruitment Process for Government Teachers

Qualify for TET

To become a government teacher, the initial requirement is to pass the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) or the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET).


Teacher Eligibility Examinations


Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET)

  • The Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is a nationwide examination conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) to assess candidates’ teaching skills, knowledge of pedagogy, child development, and subject-specific content.
  • CTET consists of two papers: Paper I for classes 1 to 5 and Paper II for classes 6 to 8.
  • Qualifying CTET is often a prerequisite for applying for government teaching positions at the central level.


State Teacher Eligibility Test (TET)

  • State Teacher Eligibility Tests (TET) are conducted by individual state governments to assess candidates’ eligibility for teaching positions within the respective state.
  • Like CTET, state TETs also have two papers: one for primary classes and another for upper primary classes.
  • Qualifying for the state TET is mandatory for applying for government teaching jobs within that state.

Other Eligibility Examinations

Some states may have additional eligibility examinations or requirements for specific teaching positions. Candidates should check the specific requirements of the state they wish to apply.


Competitive Examinations

In addition to TET or CTET, some government teaching positions may require candidates to appear for competitive examinations or interviews. These assessments evaluate subject knowledge, teaching skills, and overall suitability for the role.


Certification Renewal

In some cases, teachers may need to renew their TET or CTET certification periodically to maintain their eligibility for government teaching positions.

Preparing for Teacher Eligibility Examinations

Study Materials

  • Candidates should gather study materials, including TET/CTET syllabi, previous question papers, and recommended textbooks.
  • Participating in coaching classes or enrolling in online courses can also be advantageous for preparing for exams.

Practice Tests

  • By practicing with sample papers and taking mock tests, candidates can develop a better understanding of the exam format and enhance their time management skills.

Time Management

  • Effective time management is essential for successfully achieving success in TET/CTET exams.
  • Developing a study schedule and following it diligently can greatly enhance preparation efforts.

Subject Specialization

  • Candidates should focus on their subject specialization, as this is crucial for both TET and CTET exams.
  • Understanding child psychology and pedagogy is equally important for assessing teaching aptitude.

Stay Informed

Keep up to date with the latest exam notifications, changes in syllabi, and any updates from the conducting authorities.

Apply for Teaching Positions

After successfully passing the TET/CTET, individuals are eligible to apply for teaching roles in public schools.

Interview and Selection

Selected candidates are interviewed to evaluate their teaching abilities, understanding of the subject matter, and suitability for the position.

Appointment as a Teacher

Successful candidates are appointed as government teachers, where they play a vital role in shaping students’ education and future.

Career Growth for Government Teachers

Senior Teacher

Experienced teachers can advance to senior teacher positions, where they may take on additional responsibilities or mentor junior faculty members.


Head of Department (HOD)

In some cases, teachers may become heads of departments, overseeing subject-specific curriculum development and implementation.


Vice Principal

With further experience and qualifications, teachers may be promoted to the role of vice principal, assisting the school principal in administrative duties.


School Principal

The pinnacle of a teacher’s career is achieving the role of school principal, where they lead the school’s overall administration and academic programs.


Government jobs for teachers in India offer a fulfilling career path with job security and opportunities for professional growth.

To pursue a government teaching job, candidates must meet educational qualifications, pass the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET), and excel in interviews. These positions not only provide financial stability but also an opportunity to make a significant contribution to the education system and the cultivation of future leaders.

Government teachers play a vital role in nurturing young minds and empowering them to achieve their full potential, making teaching an esteemed and honorable profession in India.